Use the alphabet links to find and retrieve information about particular type of cancer.
This type of cancer originates in the glands that line the inside of an internal organ. It can happen in many places, but is commonly seen in the lung, prostate, breast, and pancreas. The glands in your body make fluid to stay moist and work as they’re intended to. But, when the cells inside the glands of an organ start overproducing, adenocarcinoma occurs. These cells can spread to other areas of the body and damage healthy tissue.
The most common type of adenocarcinoma is colon cancer and can start with a small growth or polyp that are oftentimes benign, but then turn cancerous. At onset, you may not notice any symptoms, but later, patients can develop symptoms of pain, diarrhea, bleeding, and fatigue.
This cancer develops in the anal tissues and occurs in the anal canal, the short tube at the end of the rectum where solid waste is removed. The most common type of anal cancer is squamous cell carcinoma and some of the signs and symptoms include anal or rectal bleeding, pain around the anal area, chronic anal itching, and a mass or growth in the anal canal.
Anal cancer occurs when healthy cells turn abnormal and start multiplying quickly. This can cause a tumor and over time, the cancer cells can invade tissues in the area. Having human papillomavirus (HPV) can increase the risk of developing anal cancer as well as those that take immunosuppressive drugs. In addition, people over age 50 have greater risk of developing anal cancer, as well as those who smoke. .
Adrenal Cortical Cancer
Adrenal cortical carcinoma is a rare cancer that is caused by a growth in the outer layer of the adrenal glands, called the adrenal cortex. The adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys and play a critical part of the overall function of the endocrine system. Kids under age 5 are at greater risk for this condition, as well as females ages 40 to 50. In addition, people that have a hereditary condition of the adrenal glands can have a higher risk.
Adrenal cortical carcinoma can be aggressive and can come in the form of functioning and non-functioning tumors. Functioning tumors will bolster the production of adrenal hormones, so it’s common to see increased amounts of testosterone, cortisol, and aldosterone within the patient’s body. Non-functioning tumors will not affect the hormone production.
Otherwise known as Pseudomyxoma peritonei, this is a rare cancer that grows slowly inside the appendix, which is located at the junction of the small and large intestine. The cancer usually starts from a small growth or polyp on the appendix lining and often won’t show symptoms until it grows enough to break through the appendix wall into the abdominal area. Once this happens, other tumors may begin to grow, and cancer can spread into the blood or lymph nodes.
Sometimes, this cancer can mimic symptoms of ovarian cancer or acute appendicitis with symptoms of bowel irritation, fatigue, abdominal swelling/bloating, pain in the pelvis or abdomen, or loss of appetite. Women are more likely to develop this kind of cancer and age 40 is the average age of diagnosis.
Bile Duct Cancer/ampullary cancer
Bile ducts are an important part of liver function and carry bile between the gallbladder, liver, and intestine. This type of cancer can occur outside of the bile ducts (extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma), which is more common than when it develops inside the bile ducts (intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma). Bile duct cancers are divided into types based on what the cells look like. Most of these are adenocarcinomas, which start in the mucous gland cells inside the duct. Other, rarer types of bile duct cancers include small cell cancers, sarcomas, and lymphomas.
This cancer develops inside the organ tissue of the bladder, with the most normal type called transitional cell carcinoma, which originates in urothelial cells that line the bladder. These cells can stretch and change shape when the bladder is full. If the cancer grows or spreads to the other layers of the bladder wall, it is indicated as an advanced cancer and it can be harder to treat.
Smokers, as well as those that have chronic bladder infections have greater likelihood of developing bladder cancer. Individuals that are exposed to industrial chemicals have also been linked with greater getting it, as well as individuals that are over 55.
Primary bone cancer originates in the cells of the bone. Secondary bone cancer will spread from bones to other parts of the body. Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer, and will start inside the bone cells that create new bone tissue. Cancer that is found in the bones has either started there (primary bone cancer) or it has spread to the bones after starting somewhere else.
Bone cancer is not common (makes up less than 1% of all cancers) and it is usually more common in children and younger adults than older patients. Radiation exposure and some hereditary conditions can increase the risk of developing bone cancer.
Brain Cancer/Glioblastoma Multiforme
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most aggressive and most common form of central nervous system tumor that develops on brain tissue, usually in the frontal or temporal lobes. It can often mimic symptoms of a stroke, showing signs like memory loss, speech difficulty, and muscle weakness. This form of cancer will usually progress very quickly, and the age of onset is usually around 64 years old.
The breasts are made up of glands, thin tubes, and tissues that contain fat, lymph nodes, and blood vessels. The most common breast cancer is ductal carcinoma, which forms in the lining of the milk ducts. Lobular carcinoma starts in the milk glands. If the cancer is invasive, it will spread to other healthy tissues that surround the breast. Doctors estimate that a small percentage of breast cancers are caused by inherited gene mutations, but many times breast cancer affects women with no family history.
Symptoms include breast lumps, changes in the size or shape of the breast, as well as changes to the skin over the breast such as dimpling. It can occur in both male and females, but has been named the second most common cancer for women in the United States with 1 in 8 women being diagnosed each year with it.
These are most commonly found in different areas of the gastrointestinal system, and are often seen in the small intestine and rectum. These are slow-growing tumors can spread to the liver or other areas of the body and can release substances such as serotonin that can lead to developing carcinoid syndrome.
These tumors can create and release hormones into the body that can cause symptoms such as diarrhea, wheezing, abdominal pain, or redness of the face and neck, but oftentimes there are no symptoms until it has progressed significantly. Older adults and women have greater likelihood of developing carcinoid tumors.
The cervix connects the uterus and vagina and cervical cancer is generally slow-growing in the cervical tissue. The two types of cervical cancer are adenocarcinoma, which begins in the glandular cells of the cervical canal, and squamous cell carcinoma, which originates in the flat cells that line the outer part of the cervix. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common kind of cervical cancer.
Regular Pap tests look for abnormal cervical cells. Smoking can increase the risk for developing cervical cancer, however women with human papillomavirus infections are most commonly diagnosed with cervical cancer.
This cancer begins in the rectum or colon and can include rectal cancer, colon cancer, and bowel cancer. It often starts with growths called polyps that can form along the wall of the rectum or colon. Some polyps can turn cancerous over time, so finding abnormal polyps through colonoscopies is important.
Symptoms can include change in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, fatigue, unexplained weight loss, or persistent abdominal gas pains or cramps. Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in the United States.
Originating in the tissue lining of the esophagus, this type of cancer is often diagnosed at an advanced stage because there are often no early symptoms. Squamous cell carcinoma starts in the flat cells that line the esophagus, whereas adenocarcinoma starts in the cells that create and release mucus. This kind of cancer is the sixth most common cause of cancer-related deaths around the world.
Symptoms can include difficulty swallowing, coughing/hoarseness, chest pain, unexpected weight loss, or worsening indigestion. Heavy cigarette and alcohol usage can increase the risk of developing this form of cancer.
This cancer forms in the tissues in and around the eye and include lymphoma, carcinoma, intraocular melanoma, and retinoblastoma. Intraocular melanoma is rare and begins in the cells that make melanin, the pigment that makes eyes and skin a specific color.
Retinoblastoma can occur in one of both eyes, but is mostly diagnosed in children ages 2-5. However, the most common kind of eye cancer in adults is uveal metastases, which is cancer that spreads to the uvea from another area of the body.
Patients with eye cancer may have symptoms that include seeing spots or squiggly lines, seeing flashes of light, unclear vision, losing parts of the field of vision, or a dark spot on the iris.
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The gallbladder collects bile to help the liver digest fat. Cancer in this area is generally rare. It usually forms in the gland cells that line in innermost part of the gallbladder, then will spread to the outer layers.
Gallbladder cancer often has no symptoms, so it can be difficult to diagnose early. If the cancer has progressed, there may be symptoms similar to having gallstones. These include fever, unexpected weight loss, nausea, yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes, and abdominal pain or bloating.
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GIST)
These tumors, also known as soft tissue sarcoma, generally originate in the gastrointestinal tract soft tissues, oftentimes in the small intestine or stomach. They’re rare and are usually found in adults ages 40 to 70 years old. People with GISTs will often experience nausea, anemia, vomiting, pain or swelling in the abdomen, weight loss, or loss of appetite. They are many times seen in those that have been exposed to radiation.
This cancer, formerly known as Hodgkin’s disease, starts in the cells of the lymph system, which is used to help the body fight off infections and disease. This cancer can begin almost anywhere in the body, because lymph tissue is found all over.
Hodgkin lymphoma is usually specified by large, abnormal lymphocytes inside the nodes. Any other types of lymphoma are classified as non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Signs and symptoms include chronic fatigue, night sweats, itching, fever, and swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin. It’s most commonly diagnosed in patients ages 15 to 30, and those that are over 55. It’s also more common to see this cancer in people who have had Epstein-Barr infections in the past.
The small intestine attaches the stomach to the large intestine and its primary role is to absorb and break down vitamins, fat and other substances that the body needs to function. If a tumor is present, it could block the small intestine.
When cancer cells form in the small or large intestines, it’s classified as intestinal cancer. Cancer inside the large intestine is classified as colorectal cancer. Small intestine cancer causes cells to grow in the small intestine and is a rare disease. Sometimes signs can include abdominal pain, unexplained weight loss, blood in the stool, or a lump in the abdomen.
The body has two kidneys, which help clean the blood to remove waste and make urine, and to make hormones that control blood pressure and create red blood cells inside bone marrow. While there are 3 types of kidney cancer, renal cell cancer is the most common in adults. Wilms tumors are seen most in children and transitional cell cancer will originate in the renal pelvis and ureter in adults. Most kidney cancers are discovered before they spread to other organs.
Symptoms can include blood in the urine, loss of appetite, side pain that doesn’t go away, weight loss, lump in side or abdomen, or swelling in the legs or ankles. Smoking and using pain medicine for long durations of time can increase the risk of kidney cancer, as can certain hereditary disorders.
Leukemia starts in blood-forming tissues and produces increased amounts of abnormal blood cells that enter the bloodstream and crowd healthy cells. There are different kinds of leukemia, with the type dependent on what blood cells becomes cancerous. Leukemia can be acute (fast-growing) or chronic (slower-growing).
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia is the most common type of cancer in children and occurs when the bone marrow creates increased amounts of immature lymphocytes. These cells cannot function like normal lymphocytes and cannot attack infection like they’re supposed to.
Acute Myeloid Leukemia refers to the type of cell that the leukemia starts from. It starts in the bone marrow but will commonly move quickly into the blood and spread to other parts of the body including the lymph nodes and central nervous system.
The liver plays a key role in how the body stores nutrients and it also helps with digestion and in clearing the body of toxins. Liver cancer originates in the cells of the liver (hepatocellular carcinoma) and if cancer is in other parts of the body and spreads to the liver, it’s labeled liver metasis.
People that have liver cancer may have white, chalky stools, a yellow discoloration in the skin and whites of the eyes, nausea and vomiting, upper abdominal pain, and loss of appetite. This type of cancer is rarely seen in children and teenagers, but it can happen. Chronic infection with Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C, as well as cirrhosis, diabetes, and excessive alcohol consumption can increase the chance of developing liver cancer.
Lung Cancer & Adenosquamous Cancer
The lungs are spongy organs that take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. Cancer that occurs in the breathing organs of the body are generally caused by smoking, although people who do not smoke can also get this kind of cancer. It’s the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. There are 2 main kinds of lung cancer: small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer, which is more common.
Adenosquamous lung carcinoma is rare kind of malignant tumor that develops in the lung and it has cancerous squamous cells as well as malignant glandular cells. It generally starts in the peripheral lung area and can cause difficulty breathing, chest pain, fatigue, weight loss, and appetite loss. Most cases of this kind of carcinoma happen in patients that are older than 65 and have been exposed to cigarette smoke, secondhand smoke, air pollution, or chemicals such as radon.
This is a cancer of the lymphatic system begins in the cells, almost anywhere. It affects white blood cells called lymphocytes that help combat disease inside the body. Because it’s in the blood, it can spread to other parts of the body. The main symptom is enlarged lymph nodes that do not go away. They’re usually painless, but pain can start if the glands begin pressing on organs or structures in the body.
The two primary kinds of lymphoma are Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma means there will be large abnormal lymphocytes present in the lymph nodes. It’s usually curable.
This kind of skin cancer is the most serious one. It develops in the outer layer of the skin, in the cells that create melanin – the pigment that gives color to skin. It can develop anywhere on the body, but is most commonly seen in areas that have been exposed significantly to the sun, such as the face, arms, legs, and back.
This is an aggressive kind of cancer that happens in the mesothelium, the thin tissue that covers most internal organs, including the lungs, chest wall, or abdomen. Pleural mesothelioma, which affects the lung tissue, is the most common form.
The primary risk factor for this kind of cancer is direct asbestos exposure for an extended period of time. Signs and symptoms will vary, depending on where the cancer is located.
Metastatic Squamous Neck Cancer
In this kind of cancer, squamous cells become cancerous and spread to the lymph nodes in the neck and collarbone. Squamous cells are inside tissues that line various body cavities like the mouth, in addition to organs like the uterus or blood vessels.
It’s generally unknown where the cancer has originated from, but physicians will look for primary tumors to help determine where it originated. This will help with what kind of treatment to provide. Primary symptoms include lump or ongoing pain the throat or neck.
This cancer originates in white blood cells called plasma cells. These cells make antibodies that fight off germs and infections. When the cancer cells produce excessively, they will gather in the bone marrow and produce abnormal antibodies that will damage the kidneys over time or cause the blood to get thick.
This cancer does not usually show signs or symptoms until it’s very advanced. If there are myeloma tumors present, these can cause the bones to weaken and cause pain. Most patients are diagnosed with multiple myeloma in their mid-60s.
“Cancer cells that develop in certain types of immature nerve tissue causes neuroblastoma. This cancer usually starts in the adrenal glands and it is also known to start in the neck, abdomen, spine, or chest.
This cancer is most commonly seen in kids ages 5 and younger, and oftentimes will form in babies in the womb. It is often diagnosed when the tumor spreads and it begins to show symptoms or has begun spreading to other areas of the body. ”
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)
“Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can come in various forms that come from different types of white blood cells. Both non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymptom can both happen in adults and children, and is one of the most common cancers for young adults ages 15 to 24.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is more common than Hodgkin lymphoma. Normally, old lymphocytes die, and the body will make new ones as a replacement. But for non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients, lymphocytes don’t die, but instead continually grow and divide. This will crowd the lymph nodes and make them swell. This generally happens in the B cells or T cells of the body, both of which work to fight infection and foreign invaders of the body.”
“Oral cancer, also called mouth cancer or oral cavity cancer is found on the tissue parts that make up the mouth. It’s commonly seen on the tongue, cheek lining, roof or floor of the mouth, gums, or lips. Sores that don’t heal, tongue pain, lumps/growths in the cheek lining, and difficulty chewing, or swallowing are symptoms of oral cancer.
Most oral cancers are squamous cell carcinomas and it’s usually more common for tobacco users to develop this type of cancer. In addition, chronic sun exposure and heavy alcohol usage can increase the risk of oral cancer.”
“Women have two ovaries that produce eggs as well as estrogen and progesterone. Ovarian cancer usually goes unnoticed until it has spread into the abdomen and pelvis, which makes it harder to treat and many times deadly. Ovarian cancer types include germ cell tumors, stromal tumors, and epithelial tumors. Epithelial tumors make up about 90% of ovarian cancers, and begin in the thin layer tissues on the outside portion of the ovaries.
This kind of cancer is most commonly diagnosed in women ages 50-60 and symptoms include weight loss, changes in bowel habits, frequent urination, abdominal swelling or bloating, and pelvic pain. ”
“The pancreas is located behind the stomach and in the front part of the spine. Its primary role is the release the enzymes needed to help with digestion and it also releases the hormones needed to help manage blood sugar levels. Pancreatic cancer starts in the tissues of the pancreas and it usually spreads quickly to other organs.
Diabetics often have increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer in addition to those that are obese, smoke, and are over age 65. This kind of cancer is usually not detected until it has advanced and some symptoms include weight loss, jaundice, bowel obstructions, and pain in the abdomen. ”
“Penile cancer is a rare cancer that begins on the skin cells of the penis, generally under the foreskin. Certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) can contribute to penile cancer, but if it’s found early, it’s often curable.
Penile cancer often exhibits symptoms including the development of lumps or sores, bleeding, swelling of the penis, and discharge from the under part of the foreskin. It is most common in men that are over age 60, especially those with weakened immune systems. ”
Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
“This is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma cancer that grows in the lymph tissue of the brain or spinal cord. This kind of cancer can also develop in the eye and may involve the spinal fluid that covers the brain and spinal cord (leptomeningeal lymphoma).
Individuals with weakened immune systems, especially those with AIDS or those that have undergone organ transplant, are at a greater risk for having this cancer. ”
“The prostate is a small gland that creates the seminal fluid that sustains and transports sperms in males. This is one of the most common types of cancers in males and is generally slow-growing and confined to just the prostate. However, if not discovered quickly, it can spread aggressively to other areas, making it the second leading cause of cancer deaths in males.
This cancer type usually has no early warning sings, but some symptoms of prostate cancer include difficulty urinating, discomfort in the pelvic region, have blood in the semen, or bone pain. ”
“This is a rare cancer that grows in the connective tissues, or the cells that support other kinds of tissues inside the body. Sarcoma is usually seen in muscles, tendons, cartilage, nerves, fat, bones, and blood vessels in the legs and arms. There are over 50 kinds of sarcoma, but they are generally categorized in two primary cancers: soft tissue sarcoma and bone sarcoma.
Sarcomas can be difficult to find because they can grow almost anywhere in the body, but most often, the first symptom is a painless lump. Children and young adults are generally diagnosed with sarcomas more often than adults. ”
“The sinuses are hollow areas around the nose that are lined with cells that create mucus. The nasal cavity is a passage behind the nose that transports air through the throat during breathing. Cancer can develop in both of these areas.
Symptoms can include regular nosebleeds, continually blocked nose (on only one side), diminished sense of smell, and mucus with blood drainage from the nose. Chronic smokers, individuals exposed to chemicals in the workplace, and men over age 40 are at greater risk for developing this cancer.”
“The skin is an important part of the body, protecting people from sunlight, heat, infection, and injuries. It also stores fat and helps regulate body temperature. Cancer can form in the skin anywhere on the body, first originating in the outer layer of the skin (epidermis). It’s the most common kind of cancer.
There are several types of skin cancer, including non-melanoma (squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma) and melanoma, which is aggressive and is more likely to spread to other area tissues and body parts. Patients that have had excessive exposure to UV light or radiation may have an increased risk of developing this and it’s also more common for elderly patients to have skin cancer. ”
Small Intestine Cancer
“The small intestine (small bowel) connects the stomach to the large intestine. It takes food from the stomach, breaks it down, and absorbs necessary vitamins and nutrients. Most small intestine cancer starts in the duodenum, which connects to the stomach.
Small intestine cancers come in five different forms: gastrointestinal stromal tumors, carcinoid tumors, intestinal lymphomas, adenocarcinomas, and sarcomas. Age 60 is the average age of diagnosis and, heavy smoking or alcohol use as well as having a high fat diet are said to be some risk factors. ”
“The spinal column consists of nerve tissues that start at the base of the brain and end at the bottom of the back. It is made up of protective membranes that are enclosed within the vertebrae and its primary job is to convey messages between the brain and other parts of the body.
Cancerous spinal tumors can develop within the spinal cord, or they can affect the bones of the spine, which are called vertebral tumors. Tumors will generally cause symptoms like pain, muscle weakness or numbness, difficulty walking, loss of sensation, urination difficulty, or paralysis. ”
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
“This cancer starts in the thin, flat cells that line the tissues of the body. It’s most commonly linked with skin cancer, but it can happen in other organs and tissues in the body.
Most of the time, scaly patches of skin that are red or bumpy and bleed easily will be an indicator of this kind of cancer. People that are significantly exposed to sun or use tanning beds on a regular basis are more at risk for developing squamous cell carcinoma.”
“This kind of cancer, also known as gastric cancer, will start in the cells that line the stomach. Almost all stomach cancer is adenocarcinoma, but it can also be diagnosed as lymphoma, gastrointestinal carcinoid tumors, or gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
There are usually no early warning sings, but some more advanced symptoms include fatigue, unexplained persistent nausea and vomiting, severe indigestion that doesn’t go away, stomach pain, and weight loss. People that are infected with H. pylori bacteria as well as those that have a high sodium diet and a family history of stomach cancer are at greater risk of developing gastric cancer.”
“The testicles are two glands that produce testosterone and sperm for reproduction purposes. This cancer is most commonly seen in males ages 15 to 35. Testicular tumors are named seminoma and non-seminoma. Non-seminomas will usually spread faster than seminomas.
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is swelling or a lump in the testicular area. It can also cause a dull ache in the groin or abdominal region, pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum, and back pain. This kind of cancer usually only affects one testicle and is usually very curable.”
“This is a form of head & neck cancer that is also known as pharyngeal cancer. It affects the tissues of the pharynx, the tube inside the neck that begins behind the nose and ends at the top of the esophagus. Cancerous tumors can also form in the tonsils or voice box (larynx).
Symptoms can include persistent coughing, changes in your voice, ear pain, difficulty swallowing, sore throat, weight loss, or lumps that don’t go away. Smoking, HPV infection, and excessive alcohol use can increase your risk of developing throat cancer. ”
“The thymus is a small organ that sits on the upper chest area, under the breastbone. It’s part of the lymph system and aids in creating specific white blood cells that help combat infection in the body.
Thymoma tumor cells look similar to normal cells that are present in the thymus and they will grow slowly, not usually spreading to areas outside of the thymus. Thymic carcinoma cells will look different than normal thymus cells and will grow faster and spread more quickly to other areas. It’s more common to see this type of cancer in patients with autoimmune disorders.”
“The thyroid plays a critical part in creating hormones that help govern heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and weight. There are 4 main kinds of thyroid cancer including follicular, papillary, medullary, and anaplastic. Papillary is the most commonly seen type of thyroid cancer.
Thyroid cancer is on the steady increase in the United States. It generally occurs more often in women and people that have been exposed to consistently high levels of radiation are at greater risk of developing it. Symptoms include changes to your voice, difficulty swallowing, neck or throat pain, or a lump that can be felt through the skin on the neck region. ”
“This cancer affects the tissues in of the urethra, the tube that brings urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. There are three primary kinds of urethral cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, and adenocarcinoma.
Men develop this cancer more often than women and it can spread quickly to other tissues around the urethra, including the lymph nodes before it’s detected and diagnosed. People over age 60 are diagnosed with this cancer the most. ”
“The uterus is a female reproductive organ that is hollow and allows a baby to grow during pregnancy. Cancer can start in different parts of the uterus, but it’s commonly known to begin in the inner lining of the uterus, called the endometrium. Most of these cancers are adenocarcinomas, but uterine sarcomas can also form in the muscle and tissue that supports the uterus, although it is rare.
Obesity, radiation exposure, and estrogen medication can increase the risk of developing uterine cancer. The most common symptom of this kind of cancer is vaginal bleeding. ”
“Vaginal cancer is a rare female cancer that occurs in the cells that line the vaginal surface, which is also known as the birth canal. Squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, melanoma, and sarcoma are all types of vaginal cancer.
This kind of cancer does not always show symptoms, but can sometimes be found during routine pelvic exams. Most women who are diagnosed with vaginal cancer are over the age of 60. ”
“The vulva consists of the outside part of female genitals including the vaginal lips, vaginal opening, clitoris, and the surrounding tissue and skin. It usually is found on the vaginal lips and will grow slowly over time. Some vulvar cancers are adenocarcinomas and is seen on the sides of the vaginal opening.
Sometimes abnormal cells will grow on the surface of the vulvar skin and it can turn into vulvar cancer. Symptoms include a lump, itching, pain/tenderness, or bleeding.
Age 65 is the average age of women that are diagnosed with vulvar cancer.”
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