Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell Definition
When cells in the body grow out of control, cancer sometimes develops. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a cancer that starts in white blood cells. These white blood cells are part of the body’s immune syustem. There are two types of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, one of which is called B Cell (the other is T Cell).
The lymphatic system in the body plays a crucial role in the immune system, helping the body fight infections. The lymph system is comprised of cells called lymphocytes, which is a type of white blood cell. B cells (lymphocytes) help protect the body against bacteria and viruses by producing antibodies. These antibodies are proteins that attach to viruses and bacteria (germs), which signals other parts of the immune system to destroy them.
B cell lymphoma is by far the most common of the two types of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in the United States. There are many different varieties of B cell lymphoma, including diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, and others. It’s important to talk to your doctor and better understand the type of B cell lymphoma you have because each acts in a different way, and some are more aggressive than others.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell Stages
Staging is the process of determining the nature of a particular cancer, how large it is, and whether it’s spread to other parts of the body or lymph nodes. Staging is used to help doctors identify treatments that have the best chance of success, and offer patients a prognosis for recovery.
Staging B Cell lymphoma is accomplished via physical exams, biopsies, blood tests, imaging tests, bone marrow aspiration, and possibly a spinal tap. Imaging scans like CT and PET scans are often the most useful for staging Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma B cell.
The staging system most often used for Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is called the Lugano classification, which is based off of an older system called the Ann Arbor System. The cancer is classified in one of four stages using this system, broken down as follows:
• Stage I – This means the lymphoma is only in 1 lymph node or lymphoid organ, or in 1 area of a single organ outside of the lymphatic system.
• Stage II – The lymphoma is in 2 or more groups of lymph nodes in a certain area, or in once areas of a nearby organ.
• Stage III – This means the lymphoma is on both sides of the diaphragm, or in the spleen.
• Stage IV – The lymphoma has spread to an organ outside of the lymph system, like the liver or lung.
These are very basic generalizations of lymphoma B cell stages, so it’s important to talk to a doctor to better understand a patient’s staging.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell Symptoms (signs of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell)
There are a variety of symptoms associated with Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, depending on the type of cancer and where it’s located. In many situations, there are few symptoms until the tumor has grown quite large. Some of the most common symptoms of the disease are as follows:
Enlarged lymph nodes are a common symptom of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, but it caused far more often by infections in the body. Some of the most common areas to experience swollen lymph nodes includes the sides of the neck, underarm areas, above the collarbone, or the groin. They are often seen or felt as lumps beneath the skin, but usually not painful.
Lymphoma in the abdomen causes swelling in the area, and sometimes regional pain. If the spleen is enlarged because of the cancer, it may also be associated with loss of appetite and a feeling of fullness after only eating a small amount of food. If the lymphoma is located in the intestines, symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and coughing.
Lymphoma in the chest may cause symptoms like coughing, difficulty breathing, or chest pain. Lymphomas in this region may also cause blood to back up in the veins, which can lead to swelling in the upper chest, head, and arms. It may also cause these areas to turn bluish-red in some patients.
Lymphoma in the brain exhibits symptoms like headache, difficult concentrating, personality changes, and sometimes seizures. If cancer spreads into areas around the brain, symptoms may also include difficulty speaking, double vision, and numbness in the face.
Lymphoma in the skin is associated with symptoms like red or purple lumps under the skin that may also be itchy at times.
General symptoms that could be an indication of the disease anywhere in the body. These include:
• Sweating and chills, especially when sleeping
• Weight loss
• Bruising or bleeding easily
• Frequent and sometimes severe infections
Please note that experiencing any of these symptoms does not mean you have cancer. In fact, it is far more likely that you have some other condition. It’s still a good idea to see a doctor if you experience any of these symptoms, especially if they persist.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell Statistics
Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is quite common. In fact, it accounts for around 4% of all cancers. It is estimated that in 2018 there will be nearly 75,000 new cases of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and about 20,000 of them will die from the disease (27%).
The average citizen of the United States has about a 1 in 47 chance of developing Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma in their lifetime, with the vast majority being the B cell variety of the disease. It is also one of the most common forms of cancer found in children, young adults, and teens, but more than half of patients are over the age of 65 when diagnosed.
Causes of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell
The exact cause of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma isn’t know, but researchers have identified specific risk factors liked to the disease, some of which may be avoided. There has been a lot of progress in the understanding behind how DNA mutations cause lymphocytes to become lymphoma. Some genes tell cells when to divide or grow, and other genes control cell division and make them die at the right time. Changes in the DNA cause these cells to act abnormally, which makes them grow out of control eventually leading to cancer.
The genetic changes associated with lymphoma are most often acquired, and not inherited. However, sometimes these changes happen at random for reasons that are entirely unclear. Some gene changes result from exposure to certain chemicals, radiation, or infections.
It is widely recognized that changes in the immune system are directly linked to lymphoma, so the following people are at higher risk of developing the disease:
• People with deficiencies in their immune system
• People with autoimmune diseases
• People with chronic infections
Avoiding risk factors associated with a weakened immune system may be one of the best ways to prevent lymphoma. For example, vitamin D deficiencies have been firmly linked to higher cancer risk, likely because the immune system is compromised. A diet rich in Vitamin D may help offset Vitamin D deficiencies for people living in northern climates who may not be able to get enough direct sunlight.
Always remember to speak with a doctor before altering your diet or taking any supplement.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell Screening and Prevention
Screening is the process of using routine tests to detect cancer as early as possible, before symptoms begin to show. At this time, there are no widely recognized screening methods capable of detecting Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma B cell. However, in certain circumstances the disease is found early, usually by paying close attention to possible symptoms and getting routine medical checkups.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell
For those at higher risk of developing the disease, routine checkups are even more important. They should also be aware of the symptoms associated with the disease so they can detect it as early as possible. Always remember that the survival rate of almost all cancers are much higher if they’re identified in their earliest stages.
Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell Treatments
Treatment for Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma B cell will vary depending on the nature of the cancer and its location in the patient’s body. Some forms of the disease, like diffuse large B cell lymphoma, often grow quickly, so the treatment usually focuses on chemotherapy with a regimen of four different drugs over a period of weeks.
Follicular lymphoma often doesn’t require any treatment at all, and even though its responds well to treatment when required, it is extremely difficult to cure.
Radiation therapy is also used for some versions of B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which is the use of high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be used in conjunction with chemotherapy for some forms of the disease.
With so many different versions of the disease that may be located in so many different parts of the body, treatment differs dramatically from one form of lymphoma to the next. It’s important to consider that there are risks inherent to all mainstream cancer treatments. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are also associated with serious side effects, some of which are so severe that treatment may not be possible in all patients.
Carefully consider any recommended treatment, and make sure you check all of your alternatives.
Alternative Treatments Used for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell
If B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment falls outside of mainstream treatment protocols, it is considered “alternative.” If alternative treatment is used in tandem with mainstream treatments like chemotherapy, and radiation therapy, they are considered “complementary” treatments. If treatment not considered mainstream is used as the primary method for recovery, then it’s called “alternative.”
Many alternative treatments for B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma focus on the body’s natural healing abilities, a key part of which is the immune system, which makes sense because this is the part of the body most affected by the disease. The goal with these alternative therapies is to reinforce the body’s natural defense system so it can effectively fight the B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma cells.
Boosting the body’s immune system is often accomplished via a highly specialized diet full of healthy food, vitamin supplements, and other alternative therapies like acupuncture and massage. Alternative treatments may be especially helpful for patients using them in a complementary manner along with traditional treatments like chemotherapy, or who are seeking relief from late stage cancer that has metastasized.
Some alternative B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatments focus directly on the patient by using tests to assess their unique form of cancer. The doctor will then use this information to develop a highly specific treatment protocol. Because every cancer is unique the individual, the idea is to use a wide variety of tests to see what treatments are most effective at killing their B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. This is far different than the one-size-fits-all treatment approach most often employed by mainstream medicine when treating the disease.
As with any medical treatment, B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment is a highly personal matter that requires careful consideration. Always explore your options in detail so that you can make the best choices regarding B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment.
Vitamins and Supplements Used in the Treatment of Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell
Alternative treatments often utilize vitamin and supplement therapies in an effort to boost the immune system. Many doctors recommend a diet rich in vitamins to reduce risk factors associated with various forms of cancer, including Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Some of the more common vitamins known for their ability to boost the immune system are as follows:
• Vitamin C
• Vitamin B6
• Vitamin E
• Vitamin D
There are many other supplements and vitamins commonly used during Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatment, and to help prevent the disease. Be sure to speak with your doctor before using any supplement or vitamin to make sure it doesn’t interfere with your prescribed treatment protocols.
Natural Remedies that May Help Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma B Cell
Not only do those suffering from B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma often seek natural remedies for prevention and treatment, they also seek ways to counter the adverse of effects of traditional treatments like radiation therapy and chemo. Even if these treatments are successful, B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma patients may be left with a number of side effects.
Common side effects associated with many mainstream B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treatments include:
• Chronic fatigue syndrome
• Gallbladder pain
Exercise and a healthy diet are one of the best ways to prevent cancer. Cancer treatments can sap away your energy and make it difficult to sleep, so a healthy person may respond to treatment better than an unhealthy person, who may not even be able to withstand any treatment. An active lifestyle will also help increase endurance, improve sleep, and reduce stress levels. It may also reduce your risk of B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma recurrence.
Other natural remedies include anything that helps mitigate pain or relieve the stress associated with managing a potentially terminal disease. This can include everything from ice packs to Epsom salt baths or group therapy, and everything in between. Increasing your comfort level will help you deal with the side effects associated with treatment, which in turn can help you heal faster.
For more information about B cell Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, contact a helpful member of the Causenta team.
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